Once your building lot has been cleared of unwanted trees, the land has been rough graded and temporary utilities established (you will need them during construction), actual home construction can begin. Depending on your chosen foundation, earth-moving equipment will excavate your foundation footings will be drilled and concrete will be poured.
With the foundation complete, the house framing can begin – and this is when the construction site starts to look like a house! The floors, walls, ceilings and roof are framed out first. Once completed, the windows and exterior doors are then installed followed by the exterior siding such as brick, siding or stucco. Work on the mechanical systems can then begin; these include HVAC (heating, ventilating and cooling) duct work, rough plumbing and rough electrical. These should be installed by licensed subcontractors. The roof should be completed after HVAC and plumbing have been roughed out but before electrical begins – some pipes will ventilate through the roof and you don’t want the electrical work be exposed to rain. Any insulation needed should be installed now.
Once all “behind the wall” systems are in place and any required inspections complete, drywall can be hung followed by cabinets, interior doors and trim. A first coat of paint should be applied to the walls and ceilings before any hardwood floors, vinyl floors or ceramic tile are installed. Any major appliances (refrigerator, washer, dryer) should then be set in place. The mechanical systems should be finished – electrical outlets, plumbing fixtures, heating/cooling registers – and checked to make sure they are in proper working order. Final paint and wood floor finished are now done.
Once the heavy trucks are gone, you may want your builder to complete any agreed-upon walks, drives or patios. You house should now be in move-in condition!